The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are goals the United Nations and its global partners established in 2000. There are eight goals focused on addressing worldwide social issues including poverty, health, hunger, inequality, education, environment, and sustainability with the target to make measurable improvements in all these areas by 2015.
Earlier this month, UNICEF released a report outlining trends and progress towards MDG 4, which is to reduce the under-five mortality rate by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. The report highlights work being done to meet this MDG, as well as challenges and disparities that have slowed progress.
One of the biggest takeaways from the report is that Ethiopia has already achieved MDG 4 despite facing major obstacles such as a severe shortage of health professionals (there is only one doctor for every 36,000 people). The driving forces behind this achievement included strong commitment from the Ethiopian government, support from external organizations, and the use of innovative programs to reach communities throughout the country. Ethiopia joins Bangladesh, Liberia, Malawi, Nepal, Timor-Leste, and United Republic of Tanzania as another high-mortality country that reached MDG 4 before 2015.
This news is quite timely considering the 68th session of the UN General Assembly opened last week with a focus on defining a post-2015 development agenda. As 2015 approaches, I am eager to see increased analysis of MDG progress and heightened discussions among members of the international development community about what’s next for global health. Stay tuned!
Politics and Policies:
- The government of Australia is preparing to soon offer a 20-minute HIV test in Melbourne. It has yet to decide which clinics will offer the test.
- The National Population Commission has announced that China has planned to improve county-level family planning services.
- Regulations have been issued by the government of Indonesia to bear graphic photographic warnings on the cigarette packets.
- The United Nations has allowed Bolivia to return to the United Nations main anti-narcotics treaty and has given its approval on chewing the coca leaf.
- Twelve nations have signed a new United Nations treaty which aims to counter the illegal tobacco trade.
- New York City (U.S.) hospitals will adopt new guidelines that will forbid emergency room doctors to give out more than three days’ worth opioid painkillers to the patients.
- Pfizer Inc. has included its pneumococcal conjugate vaccine to expand its pediatric immunization program in Tanzania.
- UNICEF calls for cessation of child recruitment in the Central African Republic. More than 300,000 children have been affected by the violence which has led to their limited access to education and health facilities.
- US$176 million announced by IMF and World Bank for debt relief for the Union of the Comoros. It will help the country to fight poverty and improve health and education facilities.
- European Union gives EUR 16million support to Ghana. This money will support the implementation of the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Accelerated Framework and Country Action Plan developed to combat maternal mortality.
- $25 million has been awarded by Abt Associates for a three-year malaria prevention project in Kenya.
- The FCC has launched $400 million heath care development fund with an aim to create and expand telemedicine networks.
- According to a study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry there is a relationship between mental health and spirituality.
- According to the Journal of Infectious Diseases, nosocomial transmission responsible for XDR-TB outbreak in South Africa.
- A study identifies the chances of infection (co-infection) with another disease when a person is infected with a disease.
- A study published in the Journal of Neurosurgery Pediatrics, climate can be the reason for a neurological condition, hydrocephalus in children in Uganda.
- Number of new annual cases of HIV/AIDS cases in India has dropped by 57 percent in the last decade.
- A study published in J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry links loneliness with higher chances of dementia or memory loss.
- Researchers have identified role in obesity and diabetes. They have found that blocking the expression of gene TRIP-B2r in mice protects them against obesity and insulin resistance.
- A report published by Natural News states that children who are vaccinated according to the CDC recommended schedule are five times more likely to develop diseases as compared those who are not.
- According to the findings of a report, among all rich countries, people of U.S. live unhealthy and shorter lives.
Diseases and Disasters:
- The Flu has surpassed an ‘epidemic’ threshold in the United States. It is widespread in all except the three states of US.
- According to The New Times survey, there is a severe drug shortage in Kigali hospitals (in Rwanda).
- The World Health Organization (WHO) yellow fever has killed about 171 people in Darfur (Sudan).
- Top U.N. Aid officials warn food crisis in two isolated southern states of Sudan. People of South Kordofan and Blue Nile have been feared dying of malnutrition and disease.
- According to the officials, about 80 people have died in Bangladesh due to cold-related diseases like respiratory problems, pneumonia and cough.
- People in Beijing have been warned of extremely hazardous air quality. The density of PM2.5 particulates has reached 700 micrograms per cubic meter in many parts of city.
- Sri Lanka’s Ministry of Health has warned the public of possible outbreak of Leptospirosis (rat fever) in flood affected areas.
- According to the health authorities, Barbados has recorded an increase in dengue cases since the last year.
- Paraguay has confirmed reports of outbreaks of dengue in the north and east of the country. It has declared a national epidemics alert.
Posted in News
Tagged Air quality, Anti-narcotics treaty, CDC, Co-infection, Coca leaf, dementia, dengue, Diabetes, Disease, Drug, Epidemic, flu, Food crisis, Health, HIV, Hydrocephalus, Immunization, Insulin resistance, Leptospirosis, Malaria Prevention Project, Malnutrition, maternal mortality, Memory loss, mental health, Millennium Development Goals, National Population Mission, Nosocomial transmission, obesity, Opioid pain killers, PM2.5, pneumonia, poverty, Spirituality, telemedicine, Tobacco, United Nations, vaccine, violence, XDR-TB, Yellow fever
Politics and Policies
- The Obama administration on Tuesday defined the “essential health benefits” that must be offered to most Americans and by allowing employers to offer bigger financial rewards to employees who quit smoking or adopt healthy behaviors.
- In the 62nd WHO Regional Committee for Africa session in Luanda, Angola, the World Health Organization (WHO) has presented its updated health promotion strategy for Africa.
- The first unrefrigerated vaccine, MenAfriVac vaccine against meningitis has been approved in Africa.
- According to the International Status Report released in the Conference of Parties to the WHO Framework Convention of Tobacco Control (FCTC), health warnings in cigarette packets in India only cover 40% of the front face of the packet.
- According to the researchers at the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services the Obama health care reform could provide more than a million women in the U.S. with access to potentially lifesaving tests for breast and cervical cancer.
- Scientists are working on small pox vaccine to treat the deadly liver cancer.
- According to the reports released by the United Nations (UN), deaths from HIV/ AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa have dropped down by 32% in the last seven years.
- A study reveals that malnourished, stunted growth children are growing into obese adults in Africa.
- According to a study published in American Journal of Preventive Medicine, increase in suicide in the United States between 2000 and 2010 is attributable to increase in hanging/ suffocation that too has increased among the people aged between 45- 59 years.
- A study links between unemployment and heart attack risk.
- A study indicates link between a child having a happy teenage and his/ her chances of having a wealthier adulthood.
- According to a study published in the journal Nature, compounds inhibiting protein synthesis or by utilizing the gene therapy targeting neuroligins in rats, scientists at the McGill University and the University of Montreal have created new hope for treatment / understanding of autism spectrum disorders.
- According to a study published in the journal Radiology concussions may cause brain disruption.
- Researchers in Australia are very close to treating a hereditary disease, dilated cardiomyopathy.
- Experts say that the lifestyle of people of Mexico has led to having a diabetes disaster in that country.
- According to the researchers malaria vaccine is only 30% effective in infants in preventing them getting this deadly disease.
- According to the researcher’s key to feeling younger is to keep smart phones, watching reality television shows and beating younger relatives at games.
- Scientists in Canada have linked “Happy gene” to “Fat gene”.
- According to a study, up to 20% under the 65s liver disease death has risen in England due to high levels of drinking and obesity.
- Scientists have found a link between the drug used to treat Psoriasis inflammation and reduction in dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease.
- According to the scientists at London, smoking rots the brain by damaging memory, learning and reasoning.
- A study reveals that one in every ten children in California, U.S. is uninsured. This is higher than the national average.
- A group of Indian and U.S. scientists in their study have predicted hidden epidemic of neurological disability for people of India.
Diseases and Disasters
- According to the Germany’s national health institute, a patient from Qatar has been confirmed being infected with a new type of coronavirus. He has severe respiratory problems.
- Dengue cases on rise in India.
- Second death has been reported due to Corona virus.
- Large amount of spores of Lichen forming Trechelomonas algae responsible for the red rain in some parts of Sri Lanka.
- About 1000 students of a school in Sri Lanka have been hospitalized following some allergic reaction.
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Tagged Allergic reaction., Alzheimer's disease, Autism spectrum disorders, Behaviors, Breast and cervical cancer, Cardiomyopathy, Cigarette, Concussions, Coronavirus, dementia, dengue, Diabetes, Epidemic, Essential heath benefits, fat gene, Happy gene, Health promotion strategy, Heart attack, HIV/AIDS, Inflammation, Liver cancer, malaria vaccine, Malnourished, MenAfriVac, meningitis, Obese, obesity, Protein synthesis, Psoriasis, Red rain, Small pox vaccine, smoking, Suffocation, Suicide, Tobacco, Trechelomonas, unemployment, Uninsured, United Nations, Unrefrigerated vaccine
Politics and Policies
Diseases and Disasters
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Politics and Policies:
Diseases and Disasters:
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Tagged acute lung disease, Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Atomoxetine hydrochloride, cancer, COPD, Diabetes, Dr. Francesaca Condradie, Female Genetic Mutilation, Global Fund, Integrated Vaccine Complex, International and human rights organizations, Monkey disease., Ninth International Day of Zero Tolerance, Nodding disease, Phosphates, Poliomyelitis, Primary Care Doctors, Public Health Committee, South African HIV Clinicians Society, Strattera, Therapeutic Goods Administration, Typhoid, United Nations, US health insurance system, Y chromosome
The Advocacy/Policy Committee would like to invite you to participate in our first Advocacy Day, led in partnership with the Global Health Council. The day, scheduled for Thursday, November 3rd, 2011, immediately following the annual meeting in Washington, D.C., will be an opportunity for us to voice support for a continued focus on international health to our elected officials. With the intense Congressional pressure to cut the budget, our voices can make a real difference. As a participant during this exciting day, you will be provided with training materials on effective advocacy techniques to ensure your message is clearly heard. Even if you do not have advocacy experience, you need not hesitate to sign up because you will be teamed with others. Please consider joining your fellow International Health Section members on Thursday, November 3rd, 2011 on Capitol Hill to advocate for a healthy globe. Interested parties should register here. Please note that registration will close on October 14th. Any questions should be directed to Peter Freeman, Advocacy/Policy Committee Chair, at firstname.lastname@example.org or 773.318.4842.
POLITICS AND POLICY
- GOP Presidential hopeful Michelle Bachmann has been slammed by scientists, doctors and others for claiming that the HPV (human papilloma virus) vaccine can cause mental retardation. An ethicist has now put up money behind his challenge to her claim.
- A commitment by G20 nations to strengthen agricultural research in developing countries will help reduce food insecurity as long as it focuses on small farmers and their needs, officials and experts said at a G20-backed conference this week.
- The Gates Foundation has presented the Harvard School of Public Health with a $12 million grant to support its maternal health task force.
- USAID is teaming up with former President George Bush to reduce cervical cancer deaths by 25% in five years for target developing countries.
- The magic number may be $6 billion to make a real dent in ending the spread of AIDS.
- A collaboration between UK and US funding agencies has announced more than £3.5M new funding for research aimed at controlling the transmission of diseases amongst humans, animals and the environment.
RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
- The number of African countries with national policies on traditional medicine increased almost fivefold between 2001 and 2010, according to a report on a decade of traditional medicine on the continent.
- The recently published results from two malaria vaccine trials appear to show that scientists are getting closer to developing a vaccine against the mosquito-borne illness.
- Effective nursing is the backbone of a high quality health care delivery system. GHDonline’s nursing community will discuss how ongoing mentoring and training programs can enhance nursing in an expert panel discussion September 19-23.
- The number of young women with breast cancer has more than doubled worldwide since 1980, say researchers at Seattle’s Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.
- After 2 years of analyzing the results of the largest AIDS vaccine clinical trial ever held, the so-called Thai prime-boost trial, and the only one so far to show some protection against HIV, researchers say they have discovered insights that could lead to an effective vaccine.
- IUDs can prevent cervical cancer, finds a study published in the Lancet.
- Reducing the incidence of malaria could also drastically reduce the number of deaths from bacterial infections among children in Africa, a study has found.
DISEASES AND DISASTERS
- Authorities worry that tropical mosquitoes found in San Gabriel Valley could spread disease if they gained a foothold in Southern California.
- A human rights investigator for the United Nations says up to a quarter of the world’s trash from hospitals, clinics, labs, blood banks and mortuaries is hazardous and much more needs to be done to regulate it.
- A report from UNICEF and the WHO shows the decrease in the rate of deaths for children under the age of five.
- The WHO warns that thousands may die if multi-drug resistant and forms of tuberculosis continue to spread throughoutEurope.
- One of the scientific advisers to the new blockbuster movie “Contagion” says the “risks are very real — and are increasing drastically… Our vulnerability to such diseases has been heightened by the growth in international travel and the globalization of food production.”
FOCUS – NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
- Cancer, cardiovascular disease, respiratory illness and diabetes account for 63 percent of all global deaths, yet up to half could be prevented, according to a new report, Noncommunicable Diseases Country Profiles 2011, released Wednesday by the World Health Organization.
- The WHO released a 207 page “global score card” on the prevention of chronic illness, one week ahead of the NCD summit at the UN.
- Eli Lilly and Company has committed $30 million to the Global Health Initiative. The Lilly NCD Partnership will work to identify comprehensive, sustainable approaches to patient care. Initially it will concentrate on diabetes.
Thanks to Tom Murphy and Mark Leon Goldberg, Tom Paulson, Isobel Hoskins, and Public Health Newswire.
Posted in APHA IH Section, News
Tagged Andrew Harmer, breast cancer, cervical cancer, community health workers, Contagion, Cooper's Hill Cheese Rolling and Wake, Eli Lilly, food insecurity, G20, Gates Foundation, George Bush, ghdonline, Global Health Council, Global Health News, Harvard School of Public Health, HIV/AIDS, HIV/AIDS vaccine, HPV vaccine, IHME, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, intra-uterine device, IUDs, malaria, malaria vaccine, Maternal health, MDGs, MDR-TB, medical waste, Melinda Gates, mental retardation, Michelle Bachmann, NCD Summit, NCDs, non-communicable diseases, nursing, Peter Freeman, Policy/Advocacy Committee, Port Elizabeth, Thai prime-boost trial, traditional medicine, UNICEF, United Nations, USAID, WHO, World Health Organization
September 5 was Labor Day.
POLITICS AND POLICY
- The State Department has announced the official US Delegation to the UN High Level Meeting on NCDs, which will take place September 19-20.
- Access to affordable lifesaving medicines will be threatened where they are needed most—in parts of the developing world—if the U.S.insists on implementing restrictive intellectual property policies in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade agreement, says Médecins sans Frontières (Doctors without Borders).
- Sarah Boseley shares the great news that Kenya has officially made female genital mutilation illegal.
- A federal appeals court in Virginia has dismissed two lawsuits challenging the constitutionality of President Barack Obama’s health care overhaul.
- United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon singled out sustainable development as the top issue facing the planet with the world’s seven billionth person expected to be born next month. Key to this was climate change, and he said time was running out with the population set to explode this century.
- Thousands of proposed cuts in the US Congress could lead to significant cuts to USAID.
- The Philippines reproductive health bill is still making its way through the senate. Meanwhile, 7 villages in Bataan, the Philippines have banned “artificial contraception” amid national debate over the bill.
- A report co-authored by an Australian academic highlights the need for healthy ecosystems as the basis for sustainable water resources and stable food security for people around the world.
- Sometime this fall, the world’s population will reach 7 billion people. Experts now forecast that by 2050, the population could be 10 billion. Some say those numbers should force policy makers to focus more intently on making family planning much more widely available in the developing world.
- The Institution of Mechanical Engineers has put together a one day conference bringing together innovators and health workers to share ideas about ways to more easily deliver interventions.
- It has been commonly held that insecticide treated bed nets reduce the rate of malaria for people who use them. Now there is hard evidence to back up that assumption.
RESEARCH AND INNOVATIONS
- A new study shows that less than three doses of the vaccine against cervical cancer can effectively protect women in the developing world where 80% of global deaths due to cervical cancer take place.
- Only three African countries are on track to achieve MGD 5, according to an African Institute for Development Policy study.
- Most efforts in the Western world seeking to find solutions for developing world problems tend to think of inventing new technologies or, at least, using the tools we typically use to fix things — modern drugs for diseases, improved seeds for crops, a better mousetrap. Sometimes, all you need is a newly geared donkey.
- Scientists may have developed a new TB vaccine after tests showed the elimination of TB from infected tissue in mice.
- A socially active lifestyle can dramatically speed up weight loss through the burning of fat in mice, a study shows. Researchers at Ohio State University in the US identified a link between the amount of social interaction in a mouse’s environment and its weight.
- An easy-to-use diagnostic chip for HIV could “give results in minutes” and be a game changer in the field of cheap diagnostics for remote regions, claim the researchers who developed it.
DISEASES AND DISASTERS
- Having to contend with U.S.army drones and the crossfire between the Taliban and the Pakistani army, the residents of Pakistan’s tribal areas find access to treatment for HIV/AIDS harder than in most other parts of the world.
- Three-quarters of a million people are facing death by starvation in Somalia according the United Nations, who declared Monday that famine had spread to a sixth southern region of the beleaguered Horn of Africa state. Meanwhile, an investigation has revealed that masses of food meant for famine victims in Somalia are being stolen. There have also been reports of rioting and killings during food distribution at camps for famine victims.
- A magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck 100km southwest of the city of Medan, Sumatra and 110km beneath the earth’s crust.
- A New York Times editorial castigates the international community’s response to the cholera outbreak in Haiti.
- The CEO of insulin manufacturer Novo Nordisk says the WHO should buy low cost diabetes drugs in bulk for the developing world.
- Messages of good health and positive self-esteem for girls aren’t hard to come by in kid lit, so what’s the deal with all the attention for a not-yet-published rhyming picture book about an obese, unhappy 14-year-old named Maggie?
INFOGRAPHICS AND OTHER MEDIA
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Tagged 7 billion, Ban Ki-moon, bed nets, cervical cancer, cervical cancer vaccine, cholera, Climate change, Contagion, contraception, Diabetes, Doctors without Borders, Earthquake, Family Planning, famine, female circumcision, female genital cutting, female genital mutilation, FGC, FGM, food security, Haiti, healthy ecosystems, HIV/AIDS, Horn of Africa, Institution of Mechanical Engineers, ITNs, Kenya, Labor Day, Maggie goes on a Diet, malaria, Médecins sans Frontières, Medan, MSF, Novo Nordisk, obesity, Pakistan, Philippines, rapid diagnostics, reproductive health, Sarah Boseley, Save the Children, seven billion, Somalia, Sumatra, sustainable development, TB vaccine, TPP, Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement, tuberculosis vaccine, UN, UN High Level Meeting on NCDs, United Nations, US health care reform, USAID, Virginia, world population